Hypocalcaemia is a condition where the blood has inadequate calcium. It can also be caused by a lack of vitamin D. A person is said to have hypocalcemia when their serum calcium level is below 2.1 mmol/l. The normal levels of calcium in a healthy person’s serum should range between 2.1 and 2.6mmol/l. Mild cases of hypocalcemia have no significant symptoms, however, severe cases of the condition cause a muscle spasm, seizures, numbness, cardiac arrest, confusion, and even cramps.
Hypocalcemia is associated with other medical disorders such as kidney failure, hyperparathyroidism, rhabdomyolysis, pancreatitis, and vitamin D deficiency. Fortunately, the condition can be corrected through certain treatments such as intravenous calcium chloride, Magnesium sulfate, calcium, and vitamin D supplements. Observing ideal dietary practices serves a great deal in keeping hypocalcemia at bay. In some cases where hypocalcemia is caused by an underlying condition, doctors have to treat the condition for the patient to heal totally.